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Develop the recycled plastics industry and promote the treatment of plastic pollution to achieve greater results
Release time:2023-02-16 17:42:42

The huge consumption of plastics has brought a lot of plastic waste, but not all plastic waste will cause pollution problems, and most plastic materials are renewable. Recycling waste plastics can not only solve the problem of plastic pollution, but also provide considerable raw materials for industrial production, thus reducing oil exploitation. Therefore, vigorously developing the renewable plastic industry, building a scientific and accurate plastic waste management system, reasonably controlling plastic waste, relieving the pressure of disposal, and improving the proportion of resource utilization can not only effectively solve the problem of plastic pollution, but also help to ensure China's energy security, and help to achieve the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutrality.

  Recently, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment jointly issued the Action Plan for Plastic Pollution Control during the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan" (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan"), and deployed the whole chain of plastic pollution control during the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan" period. For the recycling link, the Plan puts forward the important task of "accelerating the standardized recycling and disposal of plastic waste".

  1、 China's recycled plastics industry has a good foundation for development

  First, China's waste plastic recycling and recycling network covers a wide range and has a large scale, and the amount of waste plastic recycling and recycling has gradually increased.According to the estimation of China Material Recycling Association, the domestic waste plastic recycling volume continued to grow steadily from 2017 to 2019, and the physical recovery rate of waste plastic has been above 30%. In 2019, the domestic waste plastic recycling volume was about 18.9 million tons, an increase of 0.6 million tons or 3.3% over 2018. The recovery amount is about 100 billion yuan. Although affected by the global epidemic, it is expected that the domestic waste plastic recycling volume will remain around 16 million tons in 2020. At the same time, China's recycled plastics industry has the most complete industrial chain, the most refined industrial division, the richest industry experience, the most complete product application, and the most diversified operation mode.

  The second is the gradual green transformation of waste plastic recycling industry.In recent years, the standardization level of China's plastic recycling industry has been continuously improved, many small-scale and polluting waste plastic recycling and recycling processing enterprises have been closed, the scale of formal enterprises has been continuously expanded, and the management level has been continuously improved, forming a number of large-scale renewable plastic recycling trading markets and processing distribution centers, and constantly developing into a green economy with recycling and processing clustering and market transaction intensification. Recycled plastic products have also been widely used in textile, automobile, packaging, electronics and other fields, and have made due contributions to the development of the national economy.

  Third, the contribution to global recycled plastics has been further strengthened.China has never sent waste plastics to other countries, and the local treatment rate reaches 100%. At the same time, China began to treat the world's waste plastics in the 1990s. Only in the five years from 2013 to 2017, China disposed of 36.6 million tons of imported waste plastics, making a great contribution to the world's waste plastic pollution control. After the implementation of the policy of prohibiting the import of solid waste, China's contribution has not stopped. Some domestic recycled plastic enterprises have invested and built factories in Southeast Asia, Japan, South Korea, Europe and the United States and other countries, bringing China's experience and technology of waste plastic recycling and treatment to other countries. China's renewable plastic industry is gradually changing from the traditional mode of "global waste plastic resources+domestic recycling processing" to the dual-drive mode of overseas investment in renewable processing and domestic waste plastic recycling. The global influence and contribution of the renewable plastic industry are further enhanced.

  2、 Main tasks for the development of China's recycled plastics industry during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period

  Although China's recycled plastics industry has developed well in general, there are still problems such as low overall recycling rate, uneven urban and rural development, and insufficient scale. During the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the renewable plastics industry should, in accordance with the main task of "accelerating the standardized recycling and disposal of plastic waste" in the Plan, improve the urban-rural balance, further develop in a large-scale, standardized and clean way, promote greater results in the treatment of plastic pollution during the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan" period, and help to achieve the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutrality.

  First, strengthen the standard recycling and clearing of plastic waste.Aiming at improving the urban recycling rate, the Plan proposes "to promote the integration of urban renewable resources recycling network and domestic waste classification network in combination with domestic waste classification, and reasonably arrange domestic waste classification and collection facilities and equipment in large communities, office buildings, shopping malls, hospitals, schools, venues and other places". At the same time, strengthen the standardized recycling of plastic waste in the field of passenger transport, e-commerce, takeaway and other fields.

  Second, establish and improve the collection, transportation and disposal system of rural plastic waste.The Plan focuses on strengthening the collection of plastic waste in rural areas, proposes the action of agricultural film recycling and pesticide packaging recycling, and supports and guides the major farmers and farmers, agricultural production service organizations, renewable resources recycling enterprises and other relevant responsible entities to actively carry out the recycling of irrigation equipment, fishing nets, fishing gear, rice trays and other waste agricultural and fishing materials.

  Third, increase the recycling of plastic waste.The Plan proposes to support the construction of plastic waste recycling projects and promote the large-scale, standardized and clean development of plastic waste recycling industry. Strengthen the environmental supervision of plastic waste recycling enterprises, strengthen the rectification of small and scattered enterprises and illegal activities, and prevent secondary pollution. At the same time, we will improve the relevant standards for recycled plastics and encourage the homogeneous and high-value-added use of plastic wastes.

  Fourth, improve the level of harmless disposal of plastic waste.Plastic waste is difficult to degrade in the soil. To prevent potential waste plastic pollution in the future, it is necessary to minimize the landfill of waste. The Plan proposes that during the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan" period, China will comprehensively promote the construction of domestic waste incineration facilities, make up for the shortage of incineration treatment capacity, and significantly reduce the direct landfill volume of plastic waste. At the same time, strengthen the comprehensive treatment of the existing garbage landfill, standardize the daily operation, and prevent the leakage of plastic garbage from historical landfills in the environment.

  During the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan" period, vigorously developing the renewable plastic industry is one of the important ways to control plastic pollution, which can maximize the utilization of resources and comprehensively reduce carbon in the whole industrial chain. At the same time, China will further improve its own plastic waste management system and improve the recycling level of plastic waste, which also has an important international demonstration role and will provide "Chinese wisdom" for global plastic pollution control.